Tag Archives: humanitarian mission

Myths and Realities in Disaster Situations

Sharing an informative snippets from the World Health Organization about Emergency Humanitarian Assistance (myth versus reality). This was originally shared and posted from my other blog – www.mumkhal.com.

Myth # 1:

Foreign medical volunteers with any kind of medical background are needed.

Reality:

The local almost always covers immediate lifesaving needs. Only medical personnel with skills that are not available in the affected country may be needed.

Myth # 2:

Any kind of international assistance is needed and it’s needed now!

Reality:

A hasty response that is not based on an impartial evaluation only contributes to the chaos. It is better to wait until genuine needs have been assessed.

Myth # 3:

Epidemics and plagues are inevitable after every disaster.

Reality:

Epidemics do no spontaneously occur after a disaster and dead bodies will not lead to catastrophic outbreaks of exotic diseases. The key to preventing disease is to improve sanitary conditions and educate the public.

Myth # 4:

Disasters bring out the worst in human behaviour.

Reality:

Although isolated cases of antisocial behaviour exists, the majority of people respond spontaneously and generously.

Myth # 5:

The affected population is too shocked and helpless to take responsibility for their own survival.

Reality:

On the contrary, many find new strength during an emergency, as evidenced by the thousands of volunteers who flock to the disaster site, looking for ways to help.

Myth # 6:

Disasters are random killers.

Reality:

Disasters strike hardest at the most vulnerable group, the poor – especially women, children and the elderly.

Myth # 7:

Locating disaster victims in temporary settlement is the best alternative.

Reality:

It should be the last alternative. Many agencies use funds normally spent for tents to purchase building materials, tools, and other construction-related support in the affected country.

Myth # 8:

Things are back to normal within a few weeks.

Reality:

The effects of a disaster last a long time. Disaster-affected countries deplete much of their financial and material resources in the immediate post-impact phase. Successful relief programs gear their operations to the fact that international interest wanes as needs and shortages become more pressing.

Source: Emergency Humanitarian Assistance, World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Western Pacific. Action, Preparedness, Collaboration Fact Sheets. Manila: WHO-WPRO. 2005.